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Archives de mots clés: cctld

Barbados government to take over .bb administration

The Barbados Government, through its Telecommunications Unit and with the agreement of Cable &Wireless (Barbados), will take over the administration of the .bb ccTLD from February 18 according to a public notice on the government’s Telecoms Unit website dated 10 January 2008.

The notice says ccTLDs are usually administered by or for respective governments. In the case of .bb, Cable & Wireless (C&W) assumed the administration of the .bb domain name from the University of Puerto Rico in 1996. Then in 2001 a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Government of Barbados and C&W (Bartel) Ltd. and C&W (BET) Ltd. provided for C&W to continue to perform the role of administration of the .bb domain name until such date as determined by the Government.

With the liberalization of the telecommunication sector in Barbados, consideration had to be given to the continued administration of the domain name registration. The Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL) had advised that the management of domain names involves government entities, academic entities, NGOs and the private sector. Should Government take over this function, training of staff is essential.

There was an exchange of correspondence between the Telecommunications Unit and Cable & Wireless in relation to taking over the administration of the .bb domain name, including the training of staff. The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) in Switzerland was also approached re: training of staff in the various aspects of this area – legal, administration and technical, but was unable to assist.

The government says the intention is to operate a semi-restricted ccTLD and let the Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office handle the legal issues, which are an integral part of domain name administration. The Inter American Telecommunications Commission (CITEL) had advised that it is the role of governments to provide a clear, coherent and predictable legal system. The main element of legal responsibility relates to duty of care and protection against issues such as defamation, infringement of copyright and/or trademarks, misappropriation of intellectual property and unjust enrichment. A semi-restricted system is where it is necessary to have a local representative with a formally-constituted presence (tax number, registered company etc.).

To read the public notice in full, see the Telecoms Unit website at telecoms.gov.bb

Source DomainNews

One million .fr Domain Names

France is the latest of the ccTLDs to reach the one million .fr registrations. The milestone was reached on January 11.Given the population of France, it has taken a while to reach this mark compared to other ccTLDs. For example, .de will reach their twelve millionth domain registration this year, and even smaller countries such as Australia with around a third of the population and similarly restrictive/protective, depending on who you ask, registration rules, passed the mark late last year. Switzerland (.ch) also reached the one million mark in 2007. A large part of the success of .de registrations has been the less restrictive rules.

There were restrictions on who could register a .fr domain name. Up until 2004 only companies, associations and community groups could register a .fr domain name. Then on June 20, 2006, .fr was opened up to all physical people within France.

So today, according to Loïc Damilaville, deputy to the DG at Afnic, there are around 2,000 registrations each day with around 70 per cent of these for companies and 30 per cent for private individuals.

But there must be other reasons, and one reason often given for the initial slow take-up of the internet in France compared to other European countries was the success of Minitel, a Videotex online service accessible through the telephone lines, and is considered one of the world’s most successful pre-World Wide Web online services according to Minitel’s Wikipedia entry.

But the main reason for the slow growth, is that France still keeps the name .fr extension restricted to French Companies and French citizens. The Registry and the French Government still have not realized the harm they generate to their Economy by this restriction.

How should international investment and businesses even consider setting up structures in France if they can not upfront register their company names and industry generic terms as domain names. How could an international company or e-commerce start creating a customer base in France before considering coming to France, as they can not register a .fr name that could become indexed in Google in order to address that market from outside France!

Not every e-commerce can afford to register worldwide trademarks and have a local addresses before considering whether the market is worth investing into. That’s why it is important to open up a country TLD. To attract businesses! But this seems too difficult to understand for some registries like France.

Even though most registries have opened up their restricted rules over the last years it is strange that still a few registries (France, Norway, Finland, Island,.) can survive with their anti-european approach in today’s marketplace. Maybe somebody should point out this situation to their new President, Mr. Sarkozy, who seems to like to bring some changes to the country.

Once this change would be done done, then the number of registration will jump to 5 Million within two years.

This big News of one million domain is more a News that points out France domain registration problematic than a big achievement.

Source DomainNews

ICANN – GNSO Council Invites Recommendations for Future Studies on WHOIS

At the 31 October meeting in Los Angeles, the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council voted to conduct several studies of the WHOIS system, concluding that a comprehensive, objective and quantifiable understanding of key factual issues regarding the gTLD WHOIS system will benefit future GNSO policy development efforts. Before defining the details of these studies, the Council is soliciting suggestions from the community for specific topics of study on WHOIS that community stakeholders recommend be conducted. Possible areas of study might include a study of certain aspects of gTLD registrants and registrations, a study of certain uses and misuses of WHOIS data, a study of the use of proxy registration services, including privacy services, or a comparative study of gTLD and ccTLD WHOIS.

If you would like to offer suggestions about topics of study on WHOIS, please do so by completing the online form available by clicking on the following link: http://forms.icann.org/cgi/study-suggestions. Please submit a separate online form for each study that you recommend should be conducted and answer all questions with as much detail as possible. Please limit your online answers to 1-2 paragraphs per question. Additional detail and any supporting materials may be emailed to: whois-comments-2008@icann.org. You are also encouraged to comment on proposed studies that have already been posted. To do so please reference the specific proposal you are commenting on. Lastly, you may also provide input via email, instead of posting online via the form provided. To do so, please send email to whois-comments-2008@icann.org.

More information about policy activities related to WHOIS can be found at: http://gnso.icann.org/issues/whois-privacy/.

Source ICANN Press Announcement – 8 January 2008

Afilias : Maintenance et mise à jour du système d’enregistrement

Une maintenance et une mise à jour du système d’enregistrement des ccTLD Afilias sera effectuée le 12 janvier 2008 entre 15h et 19h.

Pendant cette maintenance, voici l’état des services :

Système d’enregistrement: Non disponible
Interface d’administration web: Non disponible
DNS: disponible; Les domaines continueront à résoudre normalement
Whois: Non disponible

Nominet releases first Domain name industry report

Nominet has released their first ‘Domain name industry report’. The key themes examined in the report are: an analysis of global domain name statistics; registrant statistics and trends within the UK and a close look at the UK registrar market.

The findings of the report show that the domain name industry both globally and in the UK is healthy. The report demonstrates the extent of the uptake of the Internet in the UK. It reveals areas of potential future growth and gives pointers as to current trends in domain name registration and the changing nature of the UK registrar market.

Some interesting points in the report, many of which are republished elsewhere, are:

* most popular and successful of the gTLDs is.com which enjoys a 48% share of the whole market
* sTLD market share is currently negligible at less than 0.5% of the market, or 650k domain names, with 568,000 of these registrations for .mobi
* domain tasting – Nominet has introduced a policy to prevent domain tasting that has led to a reduction in registrations attributed to domain tasting dropping from around 2% of new registrations cancelled prior to invoice payment in August 2006 when the policy was introduced to just 0.38% now
* ccTLDs account for 36% of global domain name registrations
* top 20 ccTLDs account for 83% of all ccTLDs and 30% of global registrations
* top 5 ccTLDs (Germany, China, United Kingdom, Netherlands and European Union) account for 55% of all ccTLDs and 20% of global registrations
* movement within the top 20 ccTLDs is dominated by domain name growth in emerging economies such as China, Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation
* the introduction of .eu in December 2005 saw almost 2.5 million domain names registered in the first year, however, this growth has not been sustained with 2007 growth currently only at 1.25% suggesting registration was a ‘virtual landgrab’ motivated by defensive registrations to protect existing brands within this new TLD space
* ccTLD registrations correlate closely to GDP, however, a number of countries significantly ‘punch above their weight’ e.g. Netherlands ranking 4th in domain name volume yet 16th in GDP and Argentina 7th in domain name volume and 31st in GDP while Japan, Canada and France underperform in registrations versus GDP
* the countries of Northern Europe dominate in terms of market penetration by population, with five countries achieving more than 100 domain name registrations per 1,000 inhabitants
* there are 23 domain names per 1,000 inhabitants of the entire planet
* British Internet users are six times more likely to choose a .uk rather than .com address when looking for information via an Internet search engine
* a higher proportion of the domain names registered for personal use were used for email only than those used for commercial web sites and email
* renewal drivers – 60% of renewals were triggered by a reminder from the registrar, 22% of renewals are automatic and the fewer domains someone is managing, the more they rely on their registrar
* Registrant location – the vast majority (92.4%) of .uk domain name registrants are based at a UK address, with the largest proportion of registrants based outside the UK being in North America
* Re-registration of domain names – currently over 25% of cancelled domain names are re-registered within a day of cancellation, and 7% are re-registered within 10 seconds of cancellation
* Secondary Market – around 50 registrants hold more than 3,000 domain names accounting for just under 5% of the total .uk domain name space
* the median length of a domain name is 11 characters while domain names over 30 characters account for less than 0.5% of registrations
* the most popular letter to start a .uk name is S, followed by C and T
* a number of key words have been analysed, the most popular being net and then home – the only two featuring in over 1% of names
* top 20 registrars manage 67.9% of .uk domain names (4.3 million) with this figure likely to increase as a result of mergers and acquisitions, and through 79% of new registrations being made through the top 20 registrars compared to 74% two years ago
* the number of very large registrars (with a portfolio of over 100,000 names) has grown by 71% over the past two years.

The full report is available from Nominet’s website at www.nominet.org.uk/digitalAssets/26156_Nominet_Domain_name_industry_report_2007.pdf

L’AFNIC participe au Forum sur la Gouvernance de l’Internet

Le Forum sur la Gouvernance de l’Internet tient sa deuxième réunion à Rio de Janeiro du 12 au 15 novembre 2007.

S’inscrivant dans la continuité des travaux initiés lors du Sommet Mondial sur la Société de l’Information (SMSI) en 2003-2005, le FGI a pour vocation d’organiser des réflexions au niveau international sur les principaux enjeux de l’Internet d’aujourd’hui et de demain : la gestion du système des noms de domaine et des adresses IP mais aussi la lutte contre la fracture numérique, la lutte contre le spam, la protection des données personnelles…

A l’heure où l’Internet est omniprésent dans l’économie, la politique, la société et la culture de toutes les nations, la mise en place d’un système de gouvernance équilibré et capable de faire face à un certain nombre de défis majeurs est devenue une nécessité vitale. Ceci aussi bien pour accompagner le développement serein des économies et des services publics (e-administration) de tous les pays sur Internet, que pour assurer un accès équitable à tous les internautes, dans leurs propres langues. Cette nécessité est d’autant plus forte que l’Internet, qui compte actuellement plus d’un milliard d’utilisateurs connectés, verra très vraisemblablement ce nombre approcher les cinq milliards dans les prochaines années.

Le FGI est une structure originale en ce sens qu’elle dépend du Secrétariat général de l’ONU tout en ne fonctionnant pas sur le mode inter-gouvernemental classique. Il est avant tout une enceinte de débats, de réflexions, d’échanges de bonnes pratiques et d’informations mais ne vise pas à élaborer de traités internationaux. Toutes les parties prenantes y sont conviées, les Etats, les entreprises privées et la société civile.

Depuis sa création en 1998, l’AFNIC s’est construite autour de valeurs fortes en matière de co-développement, notamment au travers des actions menées par son Collège International. Acteur de la gouvernance technique aux plans national et international du fait de ses missions de registre des noms de domaine .fr et .re, l’AFNIC s’est toujours impliquée dans la lutte contre la fracture numérique et dans le développement de la Société de l’information, en France comme à l’international.

L’AFNIC est membre de la délégation française au Forum sur la Gouvernance de l’Internet et manifeste sa présence au travers :

* d’un atelier organisé autour de Codev-NIC, logiciel de gestion de registre ouvert et modulaire ;
* de la participation de son Collège international à une table ronde sur la gouvernance dans les pays en voie de développement et en Afrique en particulier ;
* d’une présentation de la gestion du DNS et d’un panorama des bonnes pratiques sur la gestion de registres de ccTLD par le biais du CENTR, association des registres européens de noms de domaine.

en savoir plus :
www.intgovforum.org : site officiel du FGI pour avoir tous les détails sur l’ordre du jour et les différentes réunions et conférences prévues.

Source AFNIC

ICANN : délit d’initié ?

« Des membres de l’ICANN sont soupçonnés de délit d’initié. Ils auraient profité d’informations internes pour revendre des noms de domaines populaires au prix fort.

L’ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) a débuté une investigation interne sur des accusations de délit d’initié de certains de ses membres qui auraient profité d’informations pour collecter des données et acheter des noms de domaines libres qui recevaient beaucoup de requêtes DNS non abouties. De nombreux « registrar » (sociétés qui vendent des noms de domaines) et des cabinets spécialisés dans la propriété intellectuelle ont reçus des plaintes, et mis en évidence que de telles pratiques s’opéraient au sein de l’organisme de régulation des noms de domaines.

L’ICANN gère toutes les extensions de noms de domaines existants sur Internet (TLD et ccTLD) et attribue par contrats la gestion des « Root Servers » (serveur racine) DNS à des sociétés privées, des universités ou des organisations gouvernementales. Ces « Root Servers » DNS sont en quelque sorte la colonne vertébrale d’Internet pour tous ce qui se rapporte aux noms de domaine.

Il existe des centaines de milliers de serveurs DNS dans le monde entier. Chaque serveur DNS n’a en réalité à sa disposition qu’un ensemble d’informations limitées. Lorsque le serveur de DNS de votre fournisseur d’accès Internet doit trouver le nom de domaine www.zataz.com (que vous avez saisi dans votre navigateur Internet préféré), il demande à aux serveurs racines quels serveurs DNS peuvent lui répondre pour le TLD (zone) « .com ». Parmi ceux-ci, le serveur de DNS de votre fournisseur d’accès va en choisir un pour savoir quel est le serveur de DNS qui sera capable de répondre pour le domaine (zone) zataz.com. C’est ce dernier serveur de DNS qui donnera, au serveur de DNS de votre fournisseur d’accès, l’adresse IP de www.zataz.com, et vous permettra ainsi d’accéder à votre magazine en ligne préféré.

Les membres de l’ICANN soupçonnés de délit d’initié auraient simplement acheté la liste des requêtes DNS n’ayant pas aboutis pour des TLD (zones) .com, .net, .org, etc. Bien sûr seulement les domaines correspondant aux requêtes non-abouties les plus populaires étaient achetés pour être ensuite revendus au prix fort, car ces domaines étaient susceptibles de rapporter beaucoup de visiteurs, donc beaucoup d’argent.

Nous vous rapportions, mi Novembre (lire), que la lancement de l’IDN (International Domain name) par l’ICANN allait sûrement permettre aux « domainers » de se lancer dans des campagnes d’achats en masse, n’hésitant pas à violer les propriétés intellectuelles de nombreuses marques, simplement pour engendrer des revenus intéressants. Ces « domainers » sont la plupart du temps « registrar » et quelques fois aussi membres de l’ICANN. Ce mélange des genres entre un organisme, qui logiquement doit réguler les noms de domaines, et les membres de cette organisation qui justement vivent de façon lucrative de cette activité, est de moins en moins discret.

Il est grand temps que ICANN joue de nouveau son rôle de régulateur et face le ménage dans ses rangs. »

Source Zataz.com